Approval and Documentation of Transactions


All transactions initiated in SAS departments must be approved by a department administrator or a designated SAS Business Specialist who ensures that transactions are:

Certain financial transactions require higher levels of signature authority within the SAS Dean's office by your designated Business Manager and dean.

The approver should review supporting documentation and investigate any transaction that seems problematic.  By his/her approval, the administrator accepts full responsibility for the transaction.

The University RIAS group developed Basic Expectations for Approvers and Preparers that outlines their responsibilities and serve as general guidelines for all business professionals across Rutgers (regardless of their approval authority status).

The approver of a transaction should not be the initiator/requestor of the transaction.  When this separation of duties is not possible due to limited resources, or when the transaction is a payment to the departmental approver, a SAS business specialist or SAS business manager other than the authorizer should review and approve transactions.


Separation of Duties

Separation of duties provides necessary checks and balances to detect error and prevent concealment of irregularities.  In general, the approval function and the reconciling function should be separated among employees.  When these functions cannot be separated, a detailed review by a business manager is required as a compensating control activity.


Financial Review

Individuals with delegated budgetary authority are required to review actual expenditures compared to budget on a regular basis to assure fiscal accountability and solvency.  See University Policy 40.2.3 ( Fiscal Responsibility Associated with the Administration of University Accounts) along with SAS Addendums.  Departmental administrators must be satisfied that they have either documentation or specific knowledge to confirm that the transaction meets the following criteria:

  • Is reasonable, appropriate and necessary
  • Has been correctly charged to your account
  • Was properly authorized and approved by your department and in accordance with relevant financial, legal and contractual requirements.

If the SAS Dean's office or the SAS Business Manager is not satisfied that the above conditions have been consistently met, the employee's signature authority could be revoked.



Departments are responsible for filing required transaction documentation so that it is readily retrievable if needed.  Refer to University Policy 50.3.10 (Records Management).

File required transaction support documentation at the time transactions are processed.

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